Ginseng is one of the most popular herbal medicines in the world. It has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries to treat several medical conditions.
Ginseng is a slow-growing plant with fleshy roots. It consists of a light-colored, forked-shaped root, a relatively long stalk, and green leaves with an oval shape.
Panax comes from the Greek words, loosely translated as “all-healing.” The English translation for ginseng (rénshen in Chinese) is “man-root.” The literal English translation for the term Panax ginseng is “all-healing man root.”
There are two main types of ginseng: Asian or Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng) and American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius). Studies have found that different types have different benefits. In traditional Chinese medicine, American ginseng is considered less stimulating than the Asian variety.
This amazing plant can be classified three ways, depending on how long it is grown: fresh, white or red.
Fresh ginseng is harvested before 4 years, while white ginseng is harvested between 4–6 years and red ginseng is harvested after 6 or more years.
Ginseng contains two significant compounds: ginsenosides and gintonin which have been shown to have a variety of beneficial effects, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anticancer effects.
Korean Red Panax Ginseng is packed with uniquely potent vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and other essential nutrients that support health and wellbeing like no other superfood can. Results of clinical research studies demonstrate that Korean Red Panax Ginseng may improve psychological function, immune function, and conditions associated with diabetes. It has many properties but the most relevant are:
Ginseng has been well known as an immune modulator . Roots (mostly), stems, leaves of ginseng, and their extracts have been used for maintaining immune homeostasis and enhancing resistance to illness or microbial attacks through effects on the immune system.
Ginseng has beneficial antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Inflammation is a physiological response to various stimuli such as invading pathogens, irritants, and tissue injury, and can be classified as acute or chronic.
Ginseng has been shown to reduce the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and thus, ameliorate the symptoms and the progression of inflammatory diseases. Researchers suggest that the ginsenosides target immune system pathways that ultimately combat inflammation.
Researchers also concluded that red ginseng may help reduce oxidative stress by increasing antioxidant enzyme activities .
Ginseng may improve thinking processes and cognition. Ginseng acts as a natural stimulant and is prized for its effect on memory, focus, and attention. The ginsenosides and compound K present in Ginseng could protect the brain against damage caused by free radicals and improve mental health, social functioning, and mood.
The boosts in mental energy offered by ginseng are smooth, quite unlike that given by coffee, and will not make you crash or jittery. Korean Ginseng results in a relaxed yet alert state of mind.
Ginseng has been shown to help fight fatigue and promote physical stamina, preventing muscle damage from exercise, and athletic endurance. The polysaccharides and oligopeptides found in Ginseng are related to lower levels of oxidative stress and higher energy production in cells, which could help fight fatigue and improve energy .
Panax Ginseng enhances blood flow for smooth delivery of oxygen and nutrients in the body while promoting healthy biorhythm and give your body the support it needs.
Korean Red Ginseng also has an antihypertensive effect. Studies prove that it normalizes blood pressure and improves blood circulation .
Panax Ginseng also promotes healthy, glowing skin with anti-aging properties.
Red ginseng has long been used to treat impotence. Ginseng has also been reputed as an aphrodisiac and is used to treat sexual dysfunction as well as to enhance sexual behavior in traditional Chinese medical practices.
Data from animal studies have shown a positive correlation among ginseng, libido, and copulatory performances, and these effects have been confirmed in case-control studies in humans.
In addition, ginseng is found to improve the sperm quality and count of healthy individuals as well as patients with treatment-related infertility. These actions are mostly attributed to ginsenosides, the major pharmacological active components of ginseng .
Ginseng, particularly Korean Red Panax Ginseng, may also help increase insulin production, enhance blood sugar uptake in cells, and provide antioxidant protection while helping protect the cardiovascular system. Ginseng has been used for the treatment of heart failure and to protect tissues from damage when an organism is under stress .
Ginseng may also be helpful in reducing the risk of certain cancers  and may help improve the health of patients undergoing chemotherapy, reduce side effects, and enhance the effect of some treatment drugs .
Ginseng root can be consumed in many ways. It can be eaten raw or you can lightly steam it to soften it.
It can also be stewed in water to make tea. To do this, just add hot water to freshly sliced ginseng and let it steep for several minutes.
The extract can be found in powder, tablet, capsule, and oil forms.
How much you should take depends on the condition you want to improve. Overall, daily doses of 1–2 grams of raw ginseng root or 200–400 mg of the extract are suggested. It’s best to start with lower doses and increase over time.
Look for a standard ginseng extract that contains 5% total ginsenosides, and consume it before meals to increase absorption and get the full benefits.
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